Dear Bulgarian Friends,
Did you know these curious facts about the history of press and book publishing in Bulgaria?
- The first Bulgarian daily newspaper is “Sekidnevnij novinar” – “Everyday news”, which was first published in April 1877 in Bucharest. Its editor is Pavel Bobekov – activist in the national liberation movement and publicist.
- The first Bulgarian magazine “Liuboslovie” was published in April 1844 in Smirna (today Izmir) – published and edited by Konstantin Fotinov for two years. In the magazine cooperated also Vasil Aprilov, Gavril Krustevich, Georgi Peshakov, etc. With “Liuboslovie” Fotinov places the “cornerstone” of the Bulgarian periodicals.
- “Pchelitsa” is the first magazine for children, published in Bulgaria. The publication of this first of its kind children magazine in our literary periodicals began in 1871 by the eminent writer and enlightener P.R. Slavejkov.
- The first Bulgarian encyclopedia (encyclopedic dictionary) was released in three volumes in the period 1899-1907. Its compiler is Luka Kasurov from Koprivshitsa, graduated from the “Robert College” in Istanbul.
- The first satirical newspaper in Bulgaria “Gajda” – “Bagpipe”, edited by the famous poet and social figure P.R. Slavejkov, was released on June 15th, 1863.
- The first illustrated fashion magazine in the country is “Moda i domakinstvo” – “Fashion and household”. The first issue of this family journal was released in March, 1897, following the idea of Elena Usheva (1872-1942).
- The first Bulgarian women’s magazine is “Zhenskji sviat” – “Women’s world”, which started in 1893 in the town of Varna. Founder and editor-in-chief is the Varna historian and cultural activist Atanas Josifov Manov (1862-1958).
- The first law about the press in Bulgaria after the Liberation was adopted in December, 1883, repealing the existing at that time reactionary Ottoman law about press from 1865.
- The first Bulgarian typographer, owner of the largest Slavic printing house in Vienna in the 16th century is Jacov Krajkov – man of letters, painter, engraver and publisher of Slavic books for Bulgarians and Serbs. In 1566 he printed “Chasoslovets” and later the books: “Psaltir” – “Psalter”, “Molitvenik” – “Prayer book” and the collection “Razlichni potrebi”.
- The first printing press in the country was installed in 1828 by Nikola Karastoianov – founder of the Bulgarian book printing. In 1835 he printed the first Bulgarian book on our land – “Chasoslov”.
- The first Chitalishta – typical Bulgarian public institutions which fulfill several functions at once: community centers, libraries and theatres – have been founded in 1856 in the towns of Svishtov, Lom and Shumen. Till the Liberation in the Bulgarian lands have been founded 131 Chitalishta.
- The first Bulgarian secular school is the Gabrovo school, found in 1835 at the initiative of Vasil Aprilov. The first teacher in it is Neofit Rilski. The teaching is conducted in Bulgarian language and is available for all children.
- The first celebration of the Day of Slavic enlighteners and educators Sts. Cyril and Methodius took place on May 24, 1856 in the town of Plovdiv on the initiative of Najden Gerov and Joakim Gruev.
- The first bank in Bulgaria after the Liberation – Bulgarian National Bank (BNB) has been founded on January 25th, 1879 by Prince Alexander Dondukov-Korsakov.
Topical information about Bulgaria and the Bulgarian people you may read here:
The Sofia Echo is the leading English-language newspaper in Bulgaria, available free online. It provides daily news for English-speakers about Bulgaria and South-Eastern Europe.